Havasupai-- Signifying "blue (or green) water people," abbreviated into Supai. Also called. Ak'-ba-su'-pni, Walapai form of name. Ka'nfna, Coconino, Cosnino, Kokonino, Zuni name said to have been borrowed from the Hopi and to signify "pinon nut people." Nation of the Willows, so called by Cushing. Yabipai Jabesua, so called by Garces in 1776.
Connections.- The Havasupai belong to the Yuman branch of the Hokan linguistic stock, being most closely connected with the Walapai, and next with the Yavapai.
Location.- They occupy Cataract Canyon of the Colorado River, northwestern Arizona.
History.- The nucleus of the Havasupai Tribe is believed to have come from the Walapai. The Cosnino caves on the upper Rio Verde, near the northern edge of Tonto Basin, central Arizona, were named for them, from a traditional former occupancy. Garces may have met some of these Indians in 1776, but definite notices of them seem to be lacking until about the middle of the last century. Leroux (1888) appears to have met one of this tribe in 1851, and since then they have come increasingly to the knowledge of the Whites
Population--Mooney (1928) estimates about 300 Havasupai in 1680,
but Spier (1928) believes this figure somewhat too high. In 1869, 300 were
reported; in 1902, 233; in 1905, 174; in 1910, 174; and in 1923, 184. In
1930, with the Walapai and Yavapai, they numbered 646. In 1937 the number
estimated was 208.
Havasupai Indian Reservation
Community Profile-Arizona Department of Commerce
The Havasupai people, by Henry F. Dobyns and Robert C. Euler.
E99 .H3 D6
Havasupai prehistory : thirteen centuries of cultural development. [New
Haven, Conn.] 1955.
E99 .H3 S3x 1967
People of the blue water : a record of life among the Walapai and Havasupai
Indians / by Flora Gregg Iliff ; foreword by Robert C. Euler.
E99 .H75 I44 1985
Today with the Havasupai Indians [by John I. Griffin.
E99 .H3 G7