Hualupai-- From the native word Xawalapaiya, "pine-tree folk" (fide J. P. Harrington).
E-pa, by A. Hrdlicka (information, 1906), given as their own name. Gualiba, by Garces in 1776 (Diary, p. 404, 1906); Yavapai name. Hawalapai, by Curtis (1907-9, vol. 2, p. 116). Jaguallapai, by Garces in 1776 (Diary, p. 308, 1900). Mataveke-Paya, by Corbusier MS. p. 27. Meaning "people to the north" (?); Yavapai name Oohp, by Ten Kate (1885, p. 160), Pima name. Paxuado ameti, by Gatschet (1886, p. 86), meaning "people far down the river," Yavapai name Seta Koxniname, by Ten Kate (1884, p. 9), Hopi name Tabkepaya- Gatschet (1883, p. 124), Yavapai name; abbreviated from Mataveke-Paya. Tiqui-Llapais, by Domeneeh (1860, vol. 1, p. 444). Connections.- The Walapai belonged to the Yuman branch of the Hokan linguistic stock and were connected especially closely with the Havasupai, the Yavapai apparently standing next.
Location.- On the middle course of the Colorado River, above the Mohave Indians, between Sacramento Wash and National Canyon and inland, extending south almost to Bill Williams Fork.
Subdivisions and Villages: Kroeber and his collaborators give the following:
A. Mata'va-kopai (north people) (the northwestern division).
Villages: Hadu'-ba, Hai'ya, Hathekáva-kió, Huwuskót,
B. Soto'lve-kopai (west people) (the Cerbat Mountains and the country west to the Colorado).
Villages: Chimethi'ap, Hakamuê", Háka-tovahádja, Hamté",
Ivthi'ya-tanakwe, Kenyua'tci, Kwatehá, Nyi'i'ta, Quwi'-nye-há, Thawinúya, Waika'i'la,
Wa-nye-ha', Wi'ka-tavata'va, Wi- kawea'ta, Winya'-ke-tawasa, Wiyakana'mo;
C. Ko'o'u-kopai (mesa people) (north central section).—
Villages: Crozier (American name), Djiwa'ldja, Hak-tala'kava, Haktutu'deva,
Katha't-nye-ha', Muketega'de, Qwa'ga-we', Sewi", Taki'otha'wa, Wi-kanyo";
(east people) (east of the point where Truxton Canyon begins to cut its
to Hualpai Valley).—
Villages: Agwa'da, Ha'ke-takwi'va, Haksa", Ha'nya-djiluwa'ya, Tha've-nalnalwi'dje,
E. Hakia' tce-pai (?) or Talta'l-kuwa (cane?) (about the Mohon Mountains).—
Villages: Hakeskia'l, Hakia'ch, Ka'nyu'tekwa', Tha'va-ka-lavala'va, Wi-ka-tava,
F. Kwe'va-kopai (south people).—
Villages: Chivekaha', Djimwa'nsevio", Ha-djiluwa'ya, Hapu'k, Kwakwa', Kwal-hwa'ta,
Howa'laa-pai (pine people) (at the northern end of the Hualpai Mountains,
extending in a rough half-circle from east to west.)-
Villages: Hake-djeka'dja, Ilwi'-nya-ha', Kahwa't, Tak-tada'pa.
History.- It is possible that some of the Walapai were encountered by Hernando de Alarcon in 1540, and at any rate Marcos Farfan de los Godos met them in 1598, and Francisco Garces in 1776;. Their history since that time has been little different from that of the other Yuman tribes of the region.
Population.- Mooney (1928) estimates that there were 700 Walapai in 1680, but estimates of native informants regarded by Kroeber and his associates as reliable would give a population of more than 1,000 previous to 1880. There were 728 in 1889; 631 in 1897; 501 in 1910, according to the census of that year; 440 in 1923; and 449 in 1932; 454 in 1937. (See Havasupai.)
City of Hualapai
Hualapai Indian Wars
Camp Beale Springs (base of operations against the Hualapai)
Hualupai Indian Reservation- Home page
Hualupai Indian Reservation-Community Profile-Arizona Department
Hualapai Indians. (Dobyns, H. F, Manners, R. A.)
E99 .H75 H8
The Walapai people/ by Henry F. Dobyns and Robert C. Euler ; scientific
editor, Henry F. Dobyns ; general editor, John I. Griffin.
E99 .H75 D62
The United states of America, as guardian of the Indians of the tribe
of Hualpai in theState of Arizona, petitioner, vs. Santa Fe Pacific Railroad
Company : on writ of certiorari to the United States Circuit Court of Appeals
for the Ninth Circuit : December 8, 1941 : Mr. Justice Douglas delivered
the opinion of the court
Walapai papers. Historical reports, documents, and extracts from publications
relating to the Walapai Indians of Arizona
E99 .W17 U5
Gamyu? : Hualapai newsletter.
Hualapai reference grammar / Lucille J. Watahomigie, Jorigine Bender,
and Akira Y. Yamamoto, with Elnora Mapatis, Josie Manakaja, and Malinda
PM1356 .W37 1982